Factorio is a game about building and creating automated factories to produce items of increasing complexity, within an infinite 2D world. Use your imagination to design your factory, combine simple elements into ingenious structures, and finally protect it from the creatures who don't really like you.
Recent Reviews:
Overwhelmingly Positive (2,093) - 99% of the 2,093 user reviews in the last 30 days are positive.
All Reviews:
Overwhelmingly Positive (22,407) - 98% of the 22,407 user reviews for this game are positive.
Release Date:
Feb 25, 2016

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Early Access Game

Get instant access and start playing; get involved with this game as it develops.

Note: This Early Access game is not complete and may or may not change further. If you are not excited to play this game in its current state, then you should wait to see if the game progresses further in development. Learn more

What the developers have to say:

Why Early Access?

“We have been working on Factorio for over 5 years. The game is very stable and is highly optimised for prolonged gameplay and creating huge factories. We have sold over 110,000 copies on our website, and we feel now is the right time to release to a wider audience.”

Approximately how long will this game be in Early Access?

“Our plans for release come as part of an ongoing process, and we are constantly adding new features and content. When we feel the game is complete we will release the full version, and our current estimate is that this will take 8-12 months.”

How is the full version planned to differ from the Early Access version?

“In the full version we hope to have a polished GUI, a multiplayer matching server, integration of mods for players and servers, and a number of other finishing touches and additions to the core gameplay.”

What is the current state of the Early Access version?

“The game has a very strong content base, rich with interesting mechanics and features. Many players report they are still having fun on their maps even after hundreds of hours of gameplay, alongside multiplayer support, and a dedicated modding community.”

Will the game be priced differently during and after Early Access?

“The price may be increased upon release from early access.”

How are you planning on involving the Community in your development process?

“The community is a vital part of our development process. We announce any planned features far in advance so we have time to read peoples' opinions and comments, and for us to discuss the different points of view players may have. Community suggested ideas are commonly brought up in team discussions, and we value highly the input each individual player can have.”
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November 24

Friday Facts #218 - Import bpy, Export player

Hello dear biters and related species from unexplored planet full of life and natural resources. Recently I have been working on several high resolution graphics for your best friends - the tank and the player character. In this article I would like to show their updated visuals to you, as well as a sneak peek at how they are produced. The following text may contain traces of automation.

High Resolution Tank
Like most biter stories end, this story started with the tank. I just took the 3D scene that Pavel made in 2014. There was quite a bit of work required to make it all render correctly, but eventually I arrived at the desired result.

However there was one thing that really bothered me in the process - making the colour mask look good was rather impossible.

In general this is an issue that we already encountered earlier with the locomotive, cargo wagon and train stop. The cause was the RGBA values set for player colours, so I went ahead and changed all of them, I even added a “default” colour, so you can easily revert back to the single player default colour in 0.16 (which is also "Orange").

The dynamic colour algorithm (we call it tint) works in very weird ways, where if Alpha is set to 1.0, it kind of multiplies the mask by some selected colour. Alpha 0.0 somehow makes the whole mask sprite draw additively while colorized by the selected colour.

Regardless of the technical magic, the final verdict is that unless you are doing something extremely specific, the colour mask values should always be at 0.5 Alpha. You might have already noticed that the train colour sliders only allow you to change RGB values and not Alpha. That makes the colour much more stable - any RGB value you pick is going to work, once you start touching the Alpha it can look wrong and broken.

I would like to take this opportunity to ask modders to keep this in mind, as I have noticed multiple mods using 1.0 Alpha values in colour mask tint. The Alpha is black magic, keep it at 0.5 please.
Player character colours
The tank and the car colours are both much nicer now, but the player character colours seem a bit off...

The whole mask-works-with-0.5-alpha has one big condition - both the mask and the masked area of the sprite under it have to be desaturated. And the player graphics are already made to be orange. This is especially visible in the image above on colours like gray.This was never an issue since the player colours were using 1.0 Alpha, apart from the problem that all of the non-default colours looked horrible.

It might have been possible to do some quick hacks and just desaturate the player sprites where needed, but we found it more appropriate to take the opportunity to bring the player character into high resolution and fix it along the way.

High resolution player character
We were already aware that the player character is a very special task. Just the amount of spritesheets and Blend scenes already screams madness. Basically, the player character was split across many Blend files that Albert produced in 2015, each of them having one animation sequence. I honestly didn’t even ask how much work and time did it take for him to create all of this.

The game currently uses:
  • Idle player
  • Idle player with gun in hand
  • Mining player without axe
  • Mining player with axe
  • Running player
  • Running player with gun in hand
  • Player corpse
Each of these animations then have a variation for two armor levels, which can be drawn on top of the basic character. In total we are talking about over 4,000 individual sprites, double that number when we also consider high resolution.

From past experience we already know that re-rendering an entity in high resolution is almost never “just make it have more pixels”. Shaders and details start working differently, and it’s always necessary to do some changes. However, editing 21 Blend files at the same time does not sound very appealing or efficient, so our plan was to merge all of the animation into one huge Blend file. The aim is to have:
  • Blender file with 21 scenes, each rendering one animation.
  • Everything must render automatically.
  • All of the meshes linked so if we edit one, the rest automatically update.
  • All of the meshes use the same materials so we just edit one.
  • It must be possible to revisit the player character in the future.
Per usual this is much easier said than done, it is possible with the tools that Blender has, but would require an extreme amount of manual work. It would also take way too much time, and would be way too fragile.

Graphics workflow
Making the player character in high resolution would have been utterly insane without the use of scripting. In the following part of the article I will show you a few of the most useful Blender scripts that I wrote and used in the process.

1. Copy objects between Blender scenes
The first task sounds simple - copy-paste the objects from the source Blend file to the new one - until you try to do it. In Blender you can Copy + Paste objects between scenes easily, the catch is that in the destination, they are all pasted to the same layer, depending on which layer is active. However the objects forget which layer they are from in the source scene. This is a big problem, but after short thinking I wrote a new object transferring tool.

It is a set of two scripts, the first one prepares objects in the source scene (it changes their names to have a prefix with layer numbers). The second script processes them in destination by reading the name, moving the object to the appropriate layer(s), and cleaning up the name as if nothing ever happened.

2. Link mesh data of identical objects
The copy pasting is great, but every new paste creates a set of new unique objects with unique materials. If you do this 21 times, the amount of duplicate data which is supposed to be the same goes up like a rocket. Generally 3D software has a way to create duplicates which are linked so if you edit one, you also edit the other. However once you break the link, it’s not so easy to bring it back, because the program isn’t sure if the two objects are really the same. In Blender this is possible, but doing it one by one would be way too much work so it’s time for another script.

This one reads every object’s vertices one by one, and saves them to giant lists. It then compares it to another object, and if the other object is identical, it makes a link between them - if not, it keeps both of them unique and adds the new one to the list of vertex data to be compared with.

It’s actually surprisingly fast, considering that it filters through about 5 million vertices, but it still takes several minutes to process.

The result seems good except for one problem - some of the objects have identical mesh data, but special materials that we used for rendering shadows, which is solved by running another script, which searches for objects with the shadow maker material and removes them. This has to be done before linking the mesh data to make sure that our mesh data ends up with the correct materials.

3. Clean material slots
The next step is to unify materials. This is already mostly taken care of because the mesh data already carries the used materials in it, but going through all of them and manually checking was required. It wasn’t helping that every object had defined about 20 material slots, even if it was using just a handful of them.

Whenever you have a mesh with multiple materials being used on different polygons, and you remove some polygons, chances are that you aren’t using all of the materials any more.

So I made myself a script which removes the unused material slots so I wouldn’t have to manually check so many of them. It’s not only more work but it’s also much easier to spot errors when you see only what you need to.

4. Generate Render Layers and Compositor Nodes
With all of the objects correctly linked and materials properly editable, it’s time to figure out how to output this whole thing into sprites. As we already hinted in FFF-146, we are almost always using Render Layers going into Compositor nodes to output many different passes of the same scene.

Since we are keeping the layer structure of the original source, it was possible to set up the rendering system to do the same again. It was still a lot of work because it was not always consistent and many of the scenes required small but hard to spot tweaks.

One thing which helps at least a little bit, is pre-generating all of the render layers with their names and some basic setup, which is consistent between all scenes.

Render Layers aren’t much without a way to save them to the final images - this is handled by the compositor nodes. There is a special case for Ambient Occlusion and Shadow passes, but in general it’s absolutely consistent so scripting this part is great as it removes all need for manual attention to this. The script just reads the Render Layers and generates the nodes to fit them.

5. Rendering and final processing
To render all this from the 3D scene, we are using a fancy system which allows us to render across multiple computers, as the animations would take over 40 hours to render on a single PC.

The rest is basically the same as with the combinators shown in FFF-194, so I won't go into details here.

After all this, we get the player graphics in high resolution, with colour masks working correctly and also a lot of new Blender tools for ourselves to work with.

And here is a preview of how the colour masks work for 0.16.

All the things in this article combined took a lot of time to make, especially the high resolution version of the player character. In the long term we are likely going to do some more changes and adjustments to the player character models and animations. Thanks to the new source files we will be able to do that, and for now we are satisfied with how the player looks for 0.16.

Razer Chroma
Razer contacted us quite a while back and asked us if we could add Razer Chroma support to Factorio. Razer Chroma/Chroma Link means that the game can take control of any supported RGB devices (from mouse and keyboard to LED strips and chairs) and control the colors of the lights.

We implemented the following:
  • Background: Factorio orange (Keyboard, mouse, mousepad, headset)
  • Damage taken animation (Keyboard, mouse, mousepad, headset, chroma link)
  • Player Healthbar when damaged (Keyboard, mouse, mousepad)
  • Player shields when damaged (Keyboard, mouse, mousepad)
  • Progress-bar during game loading, savegame loading, multiplayer map download multiplayer map loading, multiplayer catching up(Keyboard, mouse, mousepad, headset, chroma link)
  • Flash technology key on technology researched (Keyboard)
  • Flash map key when building are destroyed (Keyboard)
  • Custom Ripple animation when achievement is unlocked (Keyboard, mouse, mousepad, headset, chroma link)

People already want to control their light using the circuit network and Lua, so something like that could be cool to add in the future if there is demand for it.

Normally we wouldn't add features to 0.15 after it was marked stable, but since there will be some Razer events, we thought it's good idea to have Factorio in the list of supported games. So the feature was added today to 0.15 as an experimental update but it will be marked as stable next week if nothing is broken.

If you have anything to say you can let us know on our forum.
34 comments Read more

November 17

Friday Facts #217 - Just another Friday Facts

Hello, most of the team is out of the office today attending the Game Developers Session here in Prague, if you're around you can look out for some people wearing Factorio t-shirts.

As we were thinking about what to write in this Friday Facts, kovarex suggested "In the next Friday Facts we should write about how hard it is to write Friday Facts". Sometimes it is really difficult to find something interesting to write about. Thankfully we found some short things that that we thought you would like.

Passenger seat for vehicles
Just a minor multiplayer feature.

Resource generation and game balance
I wanted to have a look at how we generate resources and try to balance and improve it so it's a bit more fun. When playing the game, I noticed that I always need more iron than copper and I also felt that there is more copper than iron on the map, so I first wanted to look at that.

When we balance out any part of the game it's usually something like "that seems a bit low, let's increase it by 0.2-ish and see how it goes". While this worked surprisingly well so far, I like to take a more scientific approach and look at hard numbers when possible.

First I looked at resource requirements. In order to complete all non-infinite research you need:
  • 60,445 Science pack 1
  • 59,885 Science pack 2
  • 48,600 Science pack 3
  • 20,800 Production science pack
  • 27,925 High-tech science pack
  • 32,445 Military science pack
To make all this you need:
  • 3.5 million copper and 5.2 million iron. Ratio: 0.67 (in normal mode)
  • 10.4million copper and 10.9 million iron. Ratio: 0.95 (in expensive recipes mode)
I would say it's safe to assume that these are close to the number of resources needed to finish the game. Since you wont research everything, which will compensate for the cost of infrastructure and combat.
Here I see that there is a different ratio of copper to iron, and the ratio is different in expensive mode.

Now going to the map generation, I generated some 2048x2048 maps and calculated the total number of resources on them. For some reason there was always more copper. This seemed very strange since the map generation settings had the same values for both copper and iron. It turns out that some resources are always on top of others. Coal was on top of copper that was on top of iron that was on top of stone that was on top of uranium (alphabetical order). This meant that there will be more copper on average. To be precise, the maps had 1.5 billion copper and 1.3 billion iron. That's a ratio of 1.15 caused by overlapping. I changed the order of resources around a bit so Iron is on top.

To balance all this out, the plan is to change some some recipes in expensive mode, so that the required copper to iron ratio is roughly the same in normal and expensive mode. Then the map generator settings will be tweaked so it also reflects that ratio (of course while keeping in mind the difference caused by overlapping resources).

Now some might argue that what's the point of all this. Making things balanced does not mean more fun, for example making the player and the tank overpowered and unbalanced in combat made them way more fun. But for resources I believe it's more fun to find value in almost every resource patch you find as you explore, instead of "oh, another copper patch, how useless", especially if the player assigns the same value to it and has some expectation that they are balanced. Balancing all this is not a big deal, but it's just a subtle attention to detail that might make the game 1% more fun, and polishing all these little things will happen more and more as we approach 1.0.

While I'm looking at the resource generation, there are more things that I plan to improve. For example:
  • Tweaking the resource density (average number of resources per tile).
  • Making resources much more spread apart.
  • Reworking how the staring area works so that it always contains a predictable amount of resources. This means that every new map is feasible.
  • Making sure the starting area is not covered by trees.

More optimizations
When we talk about game performance improvements it's almost always focused on the entity-update time as that is primarily what determines how fast the game can run. There is however one other important part and that's the "prepare" step that collects minimal information about the game to be rendered on screen. This step happens between the game being updated and the results being rendered on the screen which means the game has to be paused while it's run.

We haven't looked into improving this part of the game for quite some time because it runs in multiple threads and was always been "somewhat quick". Recently I decided to spend some time trying to improve it and found several easy optimizations. The end result being the prepare step now runs roughly 50% faster than it did before, leaving more time for the game logic and entity updates.

Lua API additions
With every major update we add keep improving the Lua mod API and 0.16 is no exception; between the larger tasks and bug fixing I've been working on requested Lua API additions. For those interested I've been keeping a public gist of the 0.16 changes and additions here.

I'm always reading the forums for new requests or changes to the API, so If you can make a valid argument for some new API feature (and provided it doesn't negatively impact the game performance when not used), please let us know on the Modding interface requests forum.

Let us know what you think by commenting in our usual topic at the forums.
61 comments Read more
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About This Game

Factorio is a game in which you build and maintain factories. You will be mining resources, researching technologies, building infrastructure, automating production and fighting enemies. In the beginning you will find yourself chopping trees, mining ores and crafting mechanical arms and transport belts by hand, but in short time you can become an industrial powerhouse, with huge solar fields, oil refining and cracking, manufacture and deployment of construction and logistic robots, all for your resource needs. However this heavy exploitation of the planet's resources does not sit nicely with the locals, so you will have to be prepared to defend yourself and your machine empire.

Join forces with other players in cooperative Multiplayer, create huge factories, collaborate and delegate tasks between you and your friends. Add mods to increase your enjoyment, from small tweak and helper mods to complete game overhauls, Factorio's ground-up Modding support has allowed content creators from around the world to design interesting and innovative features. While the core gameplay is in the form of the freeplay scenario, there are a range of interesting challenges in the form of Scenarios. If you don't find any maps or scenarios you enjoy, you can create your own with the in-game Map Editor, place down entities, enemies, and terrain in any way you like, and even add your own custom script to make for interesting gameplay.

Discount Disclaimer: We don't have any plans to take part in a sale or to reduce the price for the foreseeable future.

What people say about Factorio

  • No other game in the history of gaming handles the logistics side of management simulator so perfectly. - Reddit
  • I see conveyor belts when I close my eyes. I may have been binging Factorio lately. - Notch, Mojang
  • Factorio is a super duper awesome game where we use conveyor belts to shoot aliens. - Zisteau, Youtube

System Requirements

Mac OS X
SteamOS + Linux
    • OS: Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista (64 Bit)
    • Processor: Dual core 3Ghz+
    • Memory: 4 GB RAM
    • Graphics: 512MB Video Memory
    • Storage: 1 GB available space
    • Additional Notes: Low sprite resolution and Low VRAM usage.
    • OS: Windows 10, 8, 7 (64 Bit)
    • Processor: Quad core 3Ghz+
    • Memory: 8 GB RAM
    • Graphics: 2GB Video memory
    • Storage: 1 GB available space
    • OS: macOS Sierra, OSX El Capitan, Yosemite, Mavericks, Mountain Lion, Lion
    • Processor: Dual core 3Ghz+
    • Memory: 4 GB RAM
    • Graphics: 512MB Video Memory
    • Storage: 1 GB available space
    • Additional Notes: Low sprite resolution and Low VRAM usage
    • OS: macOS Sierra, OSX El Capitan, Yosemite, Mavericks, Mountain Lion, Lion
    • Processor: Quad core 3GHz+
    • Memory: 8 GB RAM
    • Graphics: 2GB Video memory
    • Storage: 1 GB available space
    • OS: Linux (tarball installation)
    • Processor: Dual core 3Ghz+
    • Memory: 4 GB RAM
    • Graphics: 512MB Video Memory
    • Storage: 1 GB available space
    • Additional Notes: Low sprite resolution and Low VRAM usage
    • OS: Linux (tarball installation)
    • Processor: Quad core 3GHz+
    • Memory: 8 GB RAM
    • Graphics: 2GB Video memory
    • Storage: 1 GB available space
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